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Mendeley Climate Change Library

To support vital research being carried out into climate change, Mendeley has created the Climate Change Library – a collection of over 5,000 articles published across 412 Elsevier journals in 2018 and 2019. The articles are freely available until the end of 2019 for all existing and new Mendeley users to download and read.


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The floodplain of the Veneto region (north-east Italy)is one of the most inhabited and economically competitive urban landscapes in Europe. Moreover, recent flood events have caused millions of Euros in damage across the region. Due to the combined influence of climate change and socio-economic development, flood impacts are expected to grow. Therefore, it is important for all flood-prone individuals to actively manage and limit flood risk through property-level flood risk management as part of...
Topics: Flood risk, Italy, Preparedness, Risk perception, Willingness to pay
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Małgorzata Stańczuk-Gałwiaczek; Katarzyna Sobolewska-Mikulska; Henk Ritzema; Jantsje M. van Loon-Steensma
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Rural areas face major challenges in adapting to the impacts of climate change, in particular to floods and droughts. This calls for both adaptation of rural functions and climate-proof and water-resilient design of the rural area, often implying improvement of water retention and flood protection. Implementation of such climate change-related goals in spatial planning often involves adaptations in water management, perhaps even leading to land consolidation. Water management and land...
Topics: European policy, Land consolidation, Process effectiveness assessment, Rural development, Spatial...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Bin Wen; Nan Zhang; Shi Rong Jin; Zai Zhong Chen; Jian Zhong Gao; Ying Liu; Han Peng Liu; Zhe Xu
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Knowledge on the impacts of microplastics (MPs) pollution on freshwater environments and biota remains limited. Meanwhile, freshwater ecosystems have been threatened by elevated temperatures caused by climate change. To date, no information exists on how MPs—especially under elevated temperature conditions—affect predatory performance, digestive processes and metabolic pathways in freshwater organisms. Here, we examined MPs, elevated temperature and their combined effects on juveniles (0+...
Topics: Digestion, Elevated temperature, Energy production, Microplastic, Predatory performance, Tropical...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chenxi Hu; Zhongwei Tian; Dong Jiang; Shilu Gu; Hua Guo; Yonghui Fan; Muhammad Abid; Kai Chen; Weixing Cao; Tingbo Dai
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Elucidating the effects of asymmetric warming during winter and spring will help develop a feasible crop management strategy for climate change. Field experiments were conducted using the Yangmai-13 (vernal type) and Yannong-19 (semi-winter type) winter wheat cultivars to investigate the effects of night-warming during winter (warming by 1.47–1.53 °C from tillering to jointing), spring (warming by 1.68–1.77 °C from jointing to booting), and winter + spring (warming by 1.53–1.60 °C from...
Topics: Apparent nitrogen surplus, Night-warming, Nitrogen utilization efficiency, Root growth, Soil...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yendery Ramírez; Andrzej Kraslawski; Luis A. Cisternas
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Environmental assessments require the development and analysis of a large amount of data. Decision-makers must manage considerable amounts of information just to obtain a viable set of alternatives. The environmental assessment proposed in this study is a decision-support framework that facilitates obtaining results that endorse the decision-making process. This study aims to provide a fast and straightforward analysis of the influence of energy consumption in water treatment systems...
Topics: Energy mix, Environmental assessment, Seawater desalination, System engineering, Water-energy nexus
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by V. S.C. Tunn; N. M.P. Bocken; E. A. van den Hende; J. P.L. Schoormans
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Combining sustainable consumption with the circular economy concept could help tackle challenges, such as resource scarcity and climate change by reducing resource throughput and increasing cycling of products and materials within the economic system, thereby reducing emissions and virgin material use. To achieve sustainable consumption in a circular economy production and consumption practices need to change. Business models can potentially influence both practices as it defines how a company...
Topics: Business model, Circular economy, Clothing industry, Expert interview, Sufficiency, Sustainable...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yitong Yao; Zhijian Li; Tao Wang; Anping Chen; Xuhui Wang; Mingyuan Du; Gensuo Jia; Yingnian Li; Hongqin Li; Weijun Luo; Yaoming Ma; Yanhong Tang; Huimin Wang; Zhixiang Wu; Junhua Yan; Xianzhou Zhang
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Accurate assessment of the strength of China's terrestrial ecosystem carbon sink is key to understanding its regional carbon budget. However, large uncertainties in current carbon sink estimations still exist, which hinder the prediction of future climate change trajectories. In this study, we generated a high-resolution (1 km × 1 km) dataset of China's net ecosystem productivity (NEP) in the last decade via a model tree ensemble approach combined with data from 46 flux sites in China and...
Topics: Carbon sink, China, Eddy covariance, Model tree ensemble, Net ecosystem productivity (NEP)
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Dingyu Shen; Chenglong Ye; Zhengkun Hu; Xiaoyun Chen; Hui Guo; Junyong Li; Guozhen Du; Sina Adl; Manqiang Liu
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Nutrient amendment increases plant productivity but the effects and mechanisms on soil organic carbon (SOC) accumulation and stability remain unclear, especially in nutrient deficient alpine ecosystem. Here, based on an experiment combining nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) input continuously for 15 years, we found that nutrient amendment did not affect total SOC content, but increased mineral-associated C with decreasing soil aggregate stability. Despite increased total phospholipid fatty acid...
Topics: Aggregate stability, Carbon chemistry, Climate change, Microbial community, Nitrogen (N) and...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Lignocellulosic material is one of the most promising feedstock frequently investigated for the biochemicals and biofuels industries. Palm empty fruit bunches (EFB) are the abundant lignocellulosic residues from the palm oil/biodiesel industry, which require special disposal and utilisation. Therefore, the valorisation of EFB as a multi-product bio-refinery feedstock promises to be economically and environmentally attractive. However, it requires further investigation and feasibility...
Topics: Cattle feed, Climate change, Electricity, Lignocellulosic material, Second generation bioethanol
Droughts are among the costliest natural disasters. They affect wide regions and large numbers of people worldwide by tampering with water availability and agricultural production. In this research, soil moisture drought trends are assessed for Europe using the Soil Moisture Index (SMI) estimated on Joint UK Land Environment Simulator simulations under two Representative Concentration Pathways, the RCP 2.6 and RCP 6.0 scenarios. Results show that SMI drought conditions are expected to...
Topics: Agricultural drought projections, Drought events identification, JULES land surface model, Severe...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sylwia Śliwińska-Wilczewska; Agata Cieszyńska; Marta Konik; Jakub Maculewicz; Adam Latała
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Environmental changes, including hydrological modifications caused by global warming, are one of the major drivers of harmful cyanobacterial bloom expansion. The ecophysiological study of bloom-forming filamentous cyanobacteria Nodularia spumingena, Aphanizomenon sp. and Dolichospermum lemmermannii was conducted in a series of laboratory tests. Cyanobacterial cultures were grown at various combinations of environmental conditions (scenarios). These scenarios were combinations of irradiance in...
Topics: Algal culture, Autecology, Cyanobacterial bloom, Fluorescence, Photosynthesis, Photosynthetic...
Climate is changing at an unprecedented rate with impacts being felt in social and ecological systems around the world. Opportunities for building climate resilience of the social-ecological system surrounding freshwater areas are assessed using the aquatic monitoring and reporting programs of Muskoka River Watershed (Ontario, Canada) as a case study. A three-step study design was used: establishment of a knowledge baseline (i.e., what has been done), confirmation of the baseline to ensure...
Topics: Watershed monitoring, Watershed reporting
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Duy Nong; Mahinda Siriwardana; Subashini Perera; Duong Binh Nguyen
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Mitigating and adapting to the effects of climate change is an ongoing concern for developing countries like Vietnam. Hence, Vietnam ratified the Paris agreement without delay in October 2016. As a part of its climate policy strategy, the government is proposing to increase the taxes either on coal by 50% or petroleum products by 33.33%. This study employs the GTAP-E-Power model with additional improvements to include non-CO 2 emissions to examine the impacts of such a policy on the Vietnamese...
Topics: Computable general equilibrium, Electricity sector, Energy tax, Environmental policy, GTAP-E-Power,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Heikki Hänninen; Koen Kramer; Karen Tanino; Rui Zhang; Yongshuo H. Fu
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In boreal and temperate trees, air temperature is a major environmental factor regulating the timing of spring phenological events, such as vegetative bud burst, through underlying physiological processes. This has been established by experimental research, and mathematical process-based tree phenology models have been developed based on the results. The models have often been applied when assessing the effects of climate change. Currently, there is an increasing trend to develop process-based...
Topics: bud burst, climate change, dormancy, phenology, process-based modelling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Stephen C. Mangi; Jeo Lee; John K. Pinnegar; Robin J. Law; Emmanouil Tyllianakis; Silvana N.R. Birchenough
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Ocean acidification may pose a major threat to commercial fisheries, especially those for calcifying shellfish species. This study was undertaken to estimate the potential economic costs resulting from ocean acidification on UK wild capture and aquaculture shellfish production. Applying the net present value (NPV) and partial equilibrium (PE) models, we estimate both direct and economy-wide economic losses of shellfish production by 2100. Estimates using the NPV method show that the direct...
Topics: Crustaceans, Economic costs, Marine climate change, Molluscs, Risk assessment, Shellfish production
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ariola Visha; Nilima Gandhi; Satyendra P. Bhavsar; George B. Arhonditsis
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Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) contamination has historically posed constraints on the recreational and commercial fishing industry in the Great Lakes. Empirical evidence suggests that PCB contamination represents a greater health risk from fish consumption than other legacy contaminants. The present study attempts a rigorous assessment of the spatio-temporal PCB trends in multiple species across the Canadian waters of the Great Lakes. We applied a Bayesian modelling framework, whereby we...
Topics: Bioaccumulation, Dynamic linear modelling, Fish contamination, Great Lakes, Hierarchical Bayesian...
Despite the important role of soil fauna in the decomposition of soil organic matter, the abundance response of soil fauna to environmental changes has been scarcely studied in peatlands, where soil carbon content is exceptionally high. The water table of the Zoige peatland, the largest alpine peatland worldwide, has been declining due to climate change and human drainage in recent decades, which likely induces changes in the abundance of soil fauna. In order to examine the abundance response...
Topics: Climate change, Human activities, Peatland, Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, Soil fauna, Water table
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Arctic ecosystems exhibit functional convergence in Net Ecosystem Exchange (NEE's) of CO2 response to light, air temperature, the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), and Leaf Area Index (LAI), potentially simplifying predictions of climate change impacts on the arctic C cycle over space and time. This convergence is hypothesized to be induced by tightly coupled carbon and nitrogen cycles, but has never been explicitly tested. We used model-data fusion on a mass balance model (i.e....
Topics: Arctic, Coupled biogeochemical cycles, LTER, NDVI, NEE
Approaches to resilience to climate change can be socially exclusionary if they do not acknowledge diverse experiences of risks or socio-economic barriers to resilience. This paper contributes to analyses of resilience by studying how theories of change (ToC) processes used by development organizations might lead to social exclusions, and seeking ways to make these more inclusive. Adopting insights from participatory monitoring and evaluation, the paper first presents fieldwork from four...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Livelihoods, Myanmar, Resilience, Theories of change
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Evaluating the responses of ecosystem respiration (Re) and its components to climate change is crucial for predicting terrestrial carbon cycling, particularly for the alpine grassland ecosystems. However, effects of climatic warming on ecosystem heterotrophic respiration (Rh) and autotrophic respiration (Ra) remain poorly understood in semi-arid alpine grasslands. A field manipulative experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of experimental warming on total Re, Rh and Ra in a Tibetan...
Topics: Alpine grasslands, Carbon cycles, The Tibetan Plateau, Warming
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hyuntae Bae; Jeong Sun Park; S. T. Senthilkumar; Soo Min Hwang; Youngsik Kim
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The water and carbon cycles are central to the Earth's ecosystem, enabling the sustainable development of human societies. To mitigate the global issues of water shortages and climate change, we report a new electrochemical system that fulfills two functions—seawater desalination and carbon dioxide air-capture—during the charge and discharge processes. The seawater desalination-carbon capture system utilizes a seawater battery platform, consisting of three major compartments (desalination,...
Topics: CO 2 capture, Electrochemical energy storage, Seawater battery, Seawater desalination
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ghada Mohammad Elrayies
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As a result of the growing global demand for energy, together with the depletion of resources and the growing emphasis on mitigating climate change and greenhouse gas emissions, an urgent need for an evolution of the renewable energy resources has emerged. On the architectural scene, we have become accustomed to seeing buildings incorporated with photovoltaics and wind turbines. Despite the great contribution of biomass as a clean energy producer, the integration of biomass into architecture is...
Topics: Biomass, Building-integrated photobioreactors, Flat-panel photobioreactor, Microalgae,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Todd K. BenDor; Vivek Shandas; Brian Miles; Kenneth Belt; Lydia Olander
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Green stormwater infrastructure (GI) is gaining traction as a viable complement to traditional “gray” infrastructure in cities across the United States. As cities struggle with decisions to replace deteriorating stormwater infrastructure in the face of looming issues such as population growth and climate change, GI may offer a cost-effective, efficient, and sustainable approach. However, decision makers confront challenges when integrating GI within city plans, including uncertainties...
Topics: Ecosystem services, Environmental planning, Green infrastructure, Low impact development,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The EU aims to achieve a variety of ambitious climate change mitigation and sustainable development goals by 2030. To deliver on this aim, the European Commission (EC) launched the bioeconomy strategy in 2012. At the heart of this policy is the concept of the sustainable Biorefinery, which is based centrally on a cost-effective conversion of lignocellulosic biomass into bioenergy and bioproducts. The first generation of biorefineries was based on utilization of edible food crops, which raised a...
Topics: Biochemicals, Bioenergy, Biofuel, Biomaterials, Biorefinery, Lignocellulose
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jai Ranjan; John Antony Jude Prakash
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Scrub typhus is a mite borne infectious disease which has re-emerged in India in the 3rd millennium after years of quiescence. In this review, the authors hypothesize the various factors responsible for resurgence of this disease. The main drivers that could have contributed to the upsurge in scrub typhus cases in past two decades are changes in land use land cover (LULC) and urbanisation which are; as a result of the population explosion, causing a strain on sanitation and also increased...
Topics: Antimicrobial prescription, LULC, Mite, Re-emergence, Scrub typhus
Exoskeletons are central to the physiology and survival of marine invertebrates, but future increases in the temperature and pCO2 of the marine environment may alter the biomineralization processes involved in their formation. Thus, it is important to consider the impacts of a changing climate on the functionality of invertebrate exoskeletons. In this study, juvenile blue crab, Callinectes sapidus, from the Chesapeake Bay were exposed to increased temperature and pCO2 in a 2 × 2 factorial...
Topics: Blue crab, Calcium and magnesium content, Callinectes sapidus, Carapace, Climate change
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The landscape surrounding urban areas is often used as farmland. With the observed expansion of urban areas over the last decades and a projected continuation of this trend, our objective was to analyze how urbanization affects food supply and demand in The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. We used a chain of simulation models covering components of the atmosphere (climate simulations), biosphere (crop yield calculations), and anthroposphere (simulations of urban expansion and land-use change) to...
Topics: Climate change, Food supply and demand, Land systems, Middle East, Scenario analysis, Urbanization
There is increasing concern that climate change may make organisms more sensitive to chemical pollution. Many pesticides are indeed more toxic at higher mean temperatures. Yet, we know next to nothing about the effect of another key component of climate change, the increase of daily temperature fluctuations (DTFs), on pesticide toxicity. Therefore, we tested the effect of the pesticide chlorpyrifos under different levels of DTF (constant = 0 °C, low = 5 °C (current maximum level) and high =...
Topics: Ecological risk assessment, Global climate change, Multiple stressors, Organophosphate pesticide,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rongqiang Wei; Qingli Zeng; Tim Davies; Guangxiang Yuan; Kaiyang Wang; Xinyu Xue; Qianfeng Yin
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Alpine glaciers and permafrost are sensitive to climate change, and their degradation due to annual temperature increasing has already induced many mass movements such as debris flows. On September 4 of 2007, July 25–31 and September 5–8 of 2010, three large debris flows took place in Tianmo gully, a left-bank tributary of Parlung River, southeast Tibetan Plateau. The debris flows blocked the river, and a section of highway 450 m long including a bridge 76 m long were destroyed by the...
Topics: Deglaciation, Landslide dam-breach, Rock avalanche, Sichuan-Tibet highway/railway
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Isaac Apuri; Kenneth Peprah; Godwin Thomas Wedam Achana
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The paper aims at assessing agroforestry as an adaptation strategy to a changing local climate. Agroforestry is necessitated by the need to improve tree population along the Sisili River and other areas in the Kassena Nankana West District. Primary data were generated through survey methods in which questionnaires were administered to 75 agroforestry farmers. It was triangulated with eight focus group discussions and five key informant interviews. Additionally, secondary data on rainfall and...
Topics: Adaptation, Agroforestry, Climate change, Farmer, Kassena Nankana West, Local climate
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yi Chen; Zhao Zhang; Fulu Tao; Taru Palosuo; Reimund P. Rötter
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Impact of high temperature stress on crop growth and productivity is one key concern with respect to crop production and food security under climate change. Due to the complexity and diversity of crop characteristics and farmers’ management practices, as well as the difficulties in quantifying those agronomic management practices at reasonable temporal and spatial scales, crop responses to heat stress at a regional scale have not been properly assessed yet. In this study, we used...
Topics: Growth duration, Heat stress, LAI, Winter wheat
Understanding the consequences of biotic and abiotic variability on population dynamics is fundamental to assessing anthropogenic impacts, such as global climate disruption, on populations and species. Our understanding from studies to date is poor, although some long-term studies of small mammals in temperate ecosystems have elucidated the roles of climate and of interspecific interactions in their population dynamics. However, the lack of long-term studies in the tropics is a major impediment...
Topics: Extreme climate events, Feedback structure, Global climate disruption, Population dynamics, Small...
Climate change has complex impacts on insect life history traits, biogeography, survival, population dynamics and host-parasitoid seasonal phenologies that affect their synchrony. This is more pronounced in tropical southern Africa, where global warming may be relatively high. While some work on Plutella xylostella (L.) temperature tolerance has been reported, none focussed on African field insect populations and implications of trophic level interaction on biological control. To determine how...
Topics: Host-natural enemy interactions, Pest management, Phenotypic plasticity, Thermal tolerance
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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In the wake of the continued failure to mitigate greenhouse gases, researchers have explored the possibility of injecting aerosols into the stratosphere in order to cool global temperatures. This paper discusses whether Stratospheric Aerosol Injection (SAI) should be researched, on the controversial ethical assumption that reducing existential risk is overwhelmingly morally important. On the one hand, SAI could eliminate the environmental existential risks of climate change (arguably around a...
Topics: Climate change, Existential risk, Geoengineering, Moral hazard, Stratospheric aerosol injection
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Md Masudur Rahman; Lettice C. Hicks; Kris Verheyen; Johannes Rousk; Monique Carnol
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In the context of future climate change, the flush of CO 2 emissions from soils after drying-rewetting events could have a strong impact on the terrestrial carbon balance. Mixed forests may be more resistant and resilient to drought events compared to monocultures, and as such may modulate the effects of drought on soil functioning belowground. We investigated the influence of mixed planting and drought legacy on respiration and bacterial growth rates ( 3 H Leucine incorporation) in response to...
Topics: Bacterial growth, Birch effect, Leucine incorporation, Precipitation manipulation, Sapling, Tree...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by S. Mohammadi; E. Ebrahimi; M. Shahriari Moghadam; L. Bosso
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Species distribution models (SDMs) are excellent tools to understand the factors that affect the potential distribution of several organisms at different scale. In this study, we analyzed the current potential distribution of the Blanford's Jerboa Jaculus blanfordi and the Arabian Jerboa Jaculus loftusi (Mammalia: Rodentia) in Iran and predicted the impact of climate change on their future potential distributions using two different modelling software packages: Maxent and sdm. Our results...
Topics: Ecological niche modelling, Jaculus blanfordi, Jaculus loftusi, Maxent, Rodent, Small mammal,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Wajid Nasim; Asad Amin; Shah Fahad; Muhammad Awais; Naeem Khan; Muhammad Mubeen; Abdul Wahid; Muhammad Habibur Rehman; Shakeel Ahmad; Sajjad Hussain; Ishaq Ahmad Mian; Bushra Khan; Yousaf Jamal
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Climate change has adverse effects at global, regional and local level. Heat wave events have serious contribution for global warming and natural hazards in Pakistan. Historical (1997–2015) heat wave were analyzed over different provinces (Punjab, Sindh and Baluchistan) of Pakistan to identify the maximum temperature trend. Heat accumulation in Pakistan were simulated by the General Circulation Model (GCM) combined with 3 GHG (Green House Gases) Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs)...
Topics: Annual, Climate change, GCMs, RCPs, Risk, Seasonal, Simulation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by S. Ayebare; A. J. Plumptre; D. Kujirakwinja; D. Segan
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The Albertine Rift region of Africa is one of the most biodiverse areas on the planet, with more threatened and endemic vertebrates than elsewhere on the continent. Many of the endemic species are confined to montane forest or alpine areas. We assessed impacts of loss of habitat to agriculture and predicted impacts from niche modelling of climate change to the endemic species of the Albertine Rift. Modelling species distributions for 162 endemic terrestrial vertebrates and plants, we estimated...
Topic: Species distribution modelling, habitat loss"
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by M. Guadalupe Arenas-Corraliza; M. Lourdes López-Díaz; Gerardo Moreno
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One of the foreseeable consequences of climate change is a reduction in crop yields. In recent years, agroforestry systems have been identified as a strategy for climate change mitigation and adaptation. In this study we assess the potential of a silvoarable system to protect crops against extreme climate events. We studied a 9-year-old hybrid walnut silvoarable system (Juglans x intermedia Mj209xRa) intercropped with cultivars of two winter cereals – wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and barley...
Topics: Agroforestry, Alley cropping, Barley, Silvoarable, Wheat
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The Himalayas is one of the most ecologically sensitive and fragile areas in the world. The climate of the region is dominated by the monsoon seasonality, with typical dry winters and abundant summer precipitations. Here, forest vegetation spreads up to the world's highest elevations, where cold temperatures and early spring droughts represent the main limiting factors for growth. In this study, we applied a dendro-anatomical approach to assess xylem trait chronologies and their association to...
Topics: Betula utilis, Climate change, Dendroanatomy, Tree rings, Treeline, Xylem
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ausilia Campanaro; Nicola Tommasi; Lorenzo Guzzetti; Andrea Galimberti; Ilaria Bruni; Massimo Labra
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It is estimated that about 7000 plant species and a large number of cultivars and varieties have been cultivated for consumption in human history. However,
Topics: DNA barcoding, Food Security, Micronutrient deficiency, NUS, Sub Saharan Africa
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Miquel De Cáceres; Nicolas Martin-StPaul; Marco Turco; Antoine Cabon; Victor Granda
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High-resolution meteorological data are necessary to understand and predict climate-driven impacts on the structure and function of terrestrial ecosystems. However, the spatial resolution of climate reanalysis data and climate model outputs is often too coarse for studies at local/landscape scales. Additionally, climate model projections usually contain important biases, requiring the application of statistical corrections. Here we present ‘meteoland’ an R package that integrates several...
Topics: Bias correction, Climate change, Drought stress, Regional climate model, Statistical downscaling,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Gracia; Nelson Rangel-Buitrago; Judith A. Oakley; A. T. Williams
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With a global increase in coastal development, together with increasing storminess and continuing sea level rise, coastal erosion has become a serious problem along a significant percentage of coastlines of many countries. Coastal erosion and shoreline management plans are often implemented on an action-reaction and post-disaster basis, resulting in installation of hard engineering structures, such as, groins, seawalls, revetments, gabions and breakwaters. These hard stabilization structures...
Topics: Ecosystems, Engineering, Management, Protection
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alevtina Evgrafova; Tilman René de la Haye; Ina Haase; Olga Shibistova; Georg Guggenberger; Nikita Tananaev; Leopold Sauheitl; Sandra Spielvogel
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The vulnerability of soil organic matter (SOM) sequestered in permafrost-affected soils to climate change plays one of the key roles in the global carbon (C) cycle. However, it still remains unclear how changing soil and site-specific factors, associated with the changing depth of the permafrost table due to thawing, influence the spatial distribution and variability of soil organic carbon (SOC) and total nitrogen (N) stocks in high-latitude mineral soils. The relationships between the spatial...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Pablo Rodríguez-Lozano; Robert A. Leidy; Stephanie M. Carlson
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Intermittent streams account for approximately one half of the global river network, and are especially common in arid and semi-arid regions. These systems are inhabited by several fish species that are adapted to their natural flow intermittency. While many fish species rely on permanent pools or perennial reaches to survive during the dry season, our knowledge regarding fish survival strategies in dry reaches is incomplete. Our observations revealed that ammocoetes (i.e. lamprey larvae) of a...
Topics: Climate change, Drought, Hyporheic refuge hypothesis, Lamprey, Refuge, Temporary river
A number of public policies have emerged worldwide as a response from governments facing climate change effects, drawing the attention of the scientific community to the outcomes and actual effects/benefits these policies have brought so far. One of the challenging aspects related to this context is the integration of the objectives set by climate change policies within the sectoral and regional planning. In this respect, the literature recognizes the relevance of Strategic Environmental...
Topics: Brazil, Climate change policies, Planning, Policy-practice gaps, Strategic Environmental Assessment
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Panu Korhonen; Taru Palosuo; Tomas Persson; Mats Höglind; Guillaume Jégo; Anne Maj Gustavsson; Gilles Bélanger; Perttu Virkajärvi
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During the past few years, several studies have compared the performance of crop simulation models to assess the uncertainties in model-based climate change impact assessments and other modelling studies. Many of these studies have concentrated on cereal crops, while fewer model comparisons have been conducted for grasses. We compared the predictions for timothy grass (Phleum pratense L.) yields for first and second cuts along with the dynamics of above-ground biomass for the grass simulation...
Topics: Forage grass, Model comparison, Timothy, Uncertainty, Yield
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Stefan Micallef; Anton Micallef; Charles Galdies
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This study provides an assessment of erosion hazard on the Maltese coast via application of the Coastal Hazard Wheel, a tool that also facilitated analysis of a number of other inherent coastal hazards including ecosystem disruption, gradual inundation, salt water intrusion, and flooding. The CHW characterises the coastal environment by considering geological layout, wave exposure, tidal range, flora and fauna, sediment balance and storm climate. Application of the CHW identified coastal...
Topics: Climate change, Coastal Hazard Wheel, Coastal erosion, Coastal erosion management, Coastline...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hanna Meyer; Johannes Schmidt; Florian Detsch; Thomas Nauss
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Monitoring of climate variables such as air temperature is gaining increasing importance under climate change. This study aimed at developing an hourly gridded 3.5 × 3.5 km air temperature (T air ) data set for entire South Africa. In a Random Forest approach, MSG SEVIRI data from 2010 to 2014 were used and related to T air measured by 78 weather stations. An external validation on new climate stations and years that were not used for model training indicated the ability of the model to...
Topics: Air temperature, Climate, Machine learning, Meteosat, Random Forest, South Africa
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Graham M. Turner; Kirsten A. Larsen; Seona Candy; Sue Ogilvy; Jaithri Ananthapavan; Marj Moodie; Sarah W. James; Sharon Friel; Chris J. Ryan; Mark A. Lawrence
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While historically Australia has been a major exporter of food commodities and is generally considered to be “food secure”, our inter-disciplinary modelling of Australia's food system and contemporary diet demonstrates that Australia is likely to become a net importer of key nutritious foods such as nuts and dairy if it continues along its current policy path. Furthermore, this occurs in the context of accelerating international debt, complete dependence on imported oil and declines in...
Topics: Climate change, Dietary pattern, Economy, Food security, Health, Nutrition, Policy, Scenario...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xavier Arnan; Gabriela B. Arcoverde; Marcio R. Pie; José D. Ribeiro-Neto; Inara R. Leal
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Anthropogenic disturbance and climate change are major threats to biodiversity. The Brazilian Caatinga is the world's largest and most diverse type of seasonally dry tropical forest. It is also one of the most threatened, but remains poorly studied. Here, we analyzed the individual and combined effects of anthropogenic disturbance (three types: livestock grazing, wood extraction, and miscellaneous use of forest resources) and increasing aridity on taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional ant...
Topics: Functional diversity, Morphological traits, Phylogenetic diversity, Rainfall
Groundwater is a most accessible freshwater resource for human beings, and it is increasingly important as an alternative to surface water under the threat of climate change. However, its complex spatio-temporal dynamic remains unattended from management perspective. Past studies on groundwater management were stalled by a relative dearth of high-quality data and a lack of synthetic analysis on both spatial and temporal information. Thanks to NASA's launch of Gravity Recovery and Climate...
Topics: Adaptive management, Cluster analysis, Groundwater resource, Space-time scale, Time stability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rui Yin; Nico Eisenhauer; Harald Auge; Witoon Purahong; Anja Schmidt; Martin Schädler
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Litter decomposition is a key process determining the cycling of nutrients in ecosystems. Soil fauna plays an essential role in this process, e.g., by fragmenting and burrowing surface litter material, and thereby enhancing microbial decomposition. However, soil fauna-mediated decomposition might be influenced by interacting factors of environmental changes. Here we used a large-scale global change field experiment to test potential interacting effects between land-use type (croplands and...
Topics: Detritivores, Future climate, Land use, Litter decomposition, Soil fauna
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by R. J. Mitchell; P. E. Bellamy; C. J. Ellis; R. L. Hewison; N. G. Hodgetts; G. R. Iason; N. A. Littlewood; S. Newey; J. A. Stockan; A. F.S. Taylor
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Oak (Quercus spp.) is declining globally due to a variety of pests, pathogens and climate change. Assessments of the impact of losing keystone species such as oak, should include the impact on associated biodiversity and ecosystem functioning, and consider mitigation options. Here, we assess the potential ecological implications of a decline in Quercus petraea/robur within the UK. We collated a database of 2300 species associated with Q. petraea/robur of which 326 were found to be obligate...
Topics: Biodiversity, Ecosystem function, Mitigation, Oak decline, Quercus petraea, Quercus robur
Refrigerators are a common appliance in developed and emerging economies around the world. These appliances consume significant energy globally and improving their efficiency is an important aspect of future climate change mitigation. It is widely understood that the energy consumption of household refrigerating appliances is strongly influenced by room temperature and many analysts have identified ambient temperature as the most important factor in normal use. Room temperature has two main...
Topics: Energy consumption, Freezers, Household refrigeration, Modelling energy, Refrigerators, Room...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Tropical countries have island and continental ecosystems of great value for tourism, fisheries and also for their conservation development potential. These natural habitats, including among other beaches, seagrass beds, mangrove forests and coral reefs can dissipate wave energy acting as barriers against high waves and high water levels to eventually protect coastal infrastructure and communities. However, in recent decades, they have been subject to strong anthropic pressure and extreme...
Topics: Bottom friction, Coastal management, Coral reefs, Ecosystem services, Numerical modeling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mónica Hernández-Morcillo; Paul Burgess; Jaconette Mirck; Anastasia Pantera; Tobias Plieninger
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Agroforestry, the integration of trees and shrubs with livestock and/or crops, can make a substantial contribution to mitigating and enabling adaptation to climate change. However, its full potential will only be achieved if the challenges to agroforestry implementation are identified and the most efficient and sustainable solutions are made widely known. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to explore these challenges and to determine the most suitable set of solutions for each challenge that...
Topics: Climate change strategy, Common agricultural policy, Europe, Nature-based solutions
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Imam Buchori; Angrenggani Pramitasari; Agung Sugiri; Maryono Maryono; Yudi Basuki; Anang Wahyu Sejati
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As a global issue, climate change has been significantly influencing coastal areas and causing changes in marine and terrestrial environments. The increase in sea-level rise (SLR), for example, has worsened the quality of life of coastal communities, and this risk increases especially in coastal cities of the developing world. This paper aims to comprehend the variety of self-mitigations and the patterns of local migrations of communities in the northern part of Semarang City, Indonesia. The...
Topics: Community adaptation, Flooding, GIS, Inundation, Migration, Mitigation, Rob
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by L. J. Ade; L. Hu; H. B. Zi; C. T. Wang; M. Lerdau; S. K. Dong
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Global climate change is accompanied by changes in the amounts of ice and snow. These changes have both a direct effect on the plant community structure, primary productivity and carbon cycle and an indirect influence on the belowground ecosystem. However, the effects of changes in snowpack on the soil environment and belowground ecological processes, particularly in soil microbial communities are still poorly understood in alpine meadows. We conducted a field study of controlled snowpack in...
Topics: Alpine meadow, High-throughput sequencing, Snowpack, Soil bacterial communities, Soil...
Global climate change is one of the most prominent and complex environmental problems caused by increasing concentrations of atmospheric greenhouse gases. Rice paddies are an important anthropogenic source of nitrous oxide (N2O), a greenhouse gas approximately 298 times stronger than carbon dioxide. Identifying a suitable mitigation method for N2O emissions from rice agriculture, while maintaining optimum crop productivity is strongly needed. A 2-year field study was conducted on rice to assess...
Topics: Nitrous oxide, Plant growth regulator, Stomatal frequency, Transpiration, Xylem vessel size
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zhengchuang Hui; Jun Zhang; Zhenhua Ma; Xiaomiao Li; Tingjiang Peng; Jijun Li; Bao Wang
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The Mid-Miocene Climatic Optimum (MMCO) has been regarded as an analog for future global warming due to its scale of warming being equivalent to the warming predicted for the next century by the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)'s fourth report. However, little is known about how the MMCO influenced paleoprecipitation in central China. In this study, two pollen floras from the eastern Longzhong Basin, northern central China, were quantitatively analyzed to reconstruct the climatic...
Topics: Climatic gradient and seasonality, Northern Central China, Sporopollen
Climate change will strongly affect essential ecosystem services, like the provision of freshwater, food production, soil erosion and flood control. Sustainable Land Management (SLM) practices are increasingly promoted to contribute to climate change mitigation and adaptation, but there is lack of evidence at scales most relevant for policymaking. We evaluated the effectiveness of SLM in a large Mediterranean catchment where climate change is projected to significantly reduce water security. We...
Topics: Soil erosion, Sustainability, Water security
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xin Zhao; Chao Pu; Shou Tian Ma; Sheng Li Liu; Jian Fu Xue; Xing Wang; Yu Qiao Wang; Shuai Shuai Li; Rattan Lal; Fu Chen; Hai Lin Zhang
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Mitigating greenhouse gases (GHGs) emissions from rice paddy (Oryza sativa L.) and balancing the trade-offs between reducing emission and sustaining food security have raised global concerns. A global meta-analysis of rice experimental data was conducted to assess changes in emissions of GHGs (CH4 and N2O) and global warming potential (GWP) in response to improvements through 12 field management practices. The results indicated that changes in GWP were mainly attributed to CH4 emission even...
Topics: Climate change mitigation, Global warming potential, Meta-analysis, Rice yield, Yield-scaled...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Biofuel from energy crops will play an important role in supplying carbon-neutral fuel for the transport sector. However, there are large uncertainties regarding energy crop development and the energy crop potential and distribution need to be evaluated more comprehensively and systematically. In this study, we propose an integrated approach using the AquaCrop model, a geographic information system approach, and a scenario analysis and we conduct a land availability assessment with multiple...
Topics: Climate change, Energy crop, Land use change, Spatial distribution, Sweet sorghum
In this study, we developed the tree-ring width chronology for the period of 1404 BCE to 2015 CE using Qilian juniper (Sabina przewalskii Kom.) trees collected from the Buerhanbuda Mts. in the southeastern Qaidam Basin (QB) near Nuomuhong Village, Qinghai Province. This is the first and longest chronology to date in this region. Based on the relationships between the tree-ring width chronology and climate data, the annual precipitation from previous July to current June (July-June) was...
Topics: Annual precipitation, Chronology, Millennium, Qaidam Basin, Tree-ring
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chunping Xie; Mengqi Bai; Xiaolei Wang
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The transport sector is attracting increasingly attention in the context of climate change and sustainable development, for its rapidly growing demand for energy and heavy reliance on oil products. Especially in China, where the demands for transportation are tremendous and ever-increasing, it is worthy to explore the provincial variations in energy efficiency in the transport sector, in order to enhance energy efficiency and to promote energy savings in this sector. By using stochastic...
Topics: Energy efficiency, Energy-saving potential, Stochastic frontier analysis, Transport sector
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Allene Macabuhay; Alireza Houshmandfar; James Nuttall; Glenn J. Fitzgerald; Michael Tausz; Sabine Tausz-Posch
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Increasing atmospheric CO2 concentration [CO2] drives the rise in global temperatures, with predictions of an increased frequency of heat waves (short periods of high temperatures). Both, CO2 and high temperature, have profound effects on wheat growth and productivity. We tested whether elevated [CO2] (eCO2) has a potential to ameliorate the effects of simulated heat waves (HT) on wheat in a dryland cropping system. Wheat was field-grown at the Australian Grains Free Air CO2 Enrichment (AGFACE)...
Topics: Carbohydrate metabolism, Climate change, Grain quality, Grain yield, Photosynthesis, Triticum...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Daniel Otto; Sandra Caeiro; Paula Nicolau; Antje Disterheft; António Teixeira; Sara Becker; Alexander Bollmann; Kirsten Sander
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Climate change can be regarded as one of the key topics of sustainable development where public awareness and education are crucial. In the field of education, Massive Online Open Courses (MOOCs) have raised remarkable attention throughout the last decade as their initial objective is to provide massive open online education for everyone. This article aims to explore the impact of MOOCs on learning about climate change. This is necessary in order to evaluate whether MOOCs can make a substantial...
Topics: Climate change education, Climate literacy, Distance learning, Massive online open courses (MOOCs),...
Carbon dioxide emissions pricing is employed as an approach to mitigate climate change. To analyze the impact of carbon prices on the metal mining industry, this paper presents a new block-based carbon dioxide emissions estimation model to assess the carbon dioxide emissions and carbon intensity in varying carbon prices, by employing the engineering-based inputs from life cycle of mineral production. Such engineering-based data of an iron case is provided to test the impact of carbon prices on...
Topics: Carbon dioxide emissions, Carbon intensity, Carbon price, Life cycle assessment, Metal mining...
Nanotechnology presenting an inventive frontier in present day agricultural practices is expected to turn into a key force in future by contributing innovative applications. This new approach using nano-principles in agriculture has immense possibilities in handling the world wide challenges of environmental security and sustainability, food production, food safety, food security and global threats of climate change. Nanotechnology is very expansively used in contemporary fields of agriculture,...
Topics: Agriculture, Commercial, Nanotechnology, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Vladimir I. Razlutskij; Irina Yu Feniova; Jolanta Ejsmont-Karabin; Anna L. Palash; Jacek Tunowski; Elena Sysova; Natalia S. Zilitinkevich
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Long-term studies demonstrated that temperature increases of 3–6 °C above natural levels caused reduction in zooplankton biomass. We hypothesized that large-bodied species would respond more strongly to temperature increases than small-bodied species because they are less adapted to high temperatures. Studies were conducted in three similar stratified meso-eutrophic lakes with different thermal regimes. Enhanced temperature, migrations, food abundance and dissolved oxygen concentrations were...
Topics: Climate change, Heated lakes, Hypoxia, Phytoplankton, Size structure, Stratified, Zooplankton
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Uncertainty about the effects of climate warming on belowground processes of tropical and subtropical forests limits our ability to predict the response and feedback of such ecosystems to future climate change. Few field experiments in the tropics and subtropics have been conducted on the effects of manipulating warming on microbial community, enzyme activities and soil organic carbon (C) decomposition of forest ecosystems. Here, using buried cable techniques, we conducted a microcosm warming...
Topics: Acid resistant C, Acid resistant N, Extracellular enzyme activity, Extractable C and N, Microbial...
Kota with a high proportion of slum dwellers and extremely high temperatures is under great demand to assess the vulnerability and adaptive capacity of different groups of its inhabitants to the impacts of climatic variability and change. Participatory workshops with key stakeholders in urban administration undertook a short vulnerability assessment to gauge current climate adaptation awareness and measures and discuss and decide on a numbered of proposed actions. The city has many policies and...
Topics: Flood prevention, Heat waves, Participatory vulnerability assessments, Urban climate resilience,...
The Younger Dryas (YD) stadial represents the most abrupt climate change of the Earth's recent history. Thus, understanding its causes and different local responses is relevant for Quaternary paleoclimatology. We present a speleothem high-resolution proxy record of the Lateglacial to Early Holocene paleoclimate of the Cantabrian Cordillera (N Spain), a strategic location to evaluate the influence of North Atlantic events such as the YD on South-Western Europe. Fluorescence lamination,...
Topics: Annual fluorescence lamination, Early holocene, Magnesium concentration, Northern Spain,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Andrew Revill; Carmen Emmel; Petra D'Odorico; Nina Buchmann; Lukas Hörtnagl; Werner Eugster
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In support of climate change mitigation strategies and food security, there is an ever-increasing requirement to understand the key drivers of cropland yields and carbon (C) budgets. Process-based crop models, driven by meteorological observations, can provide realistic simulations and diagnosis of the variability in crop C budgets. However, the field-scale observations required to validate the models, particularly across multiple growing seasons and crop types, are seldom available. This...
Topics: Crop carbon dioxide simulation, Crop growth simulation, Cropland carbon budget, Pea crop development